Exploring the “types” that point to the coming of Jesus and the fulfillment of God’s redemptive promise
Summary Verses Acts 13.17;
I. What does it mean to be chosen by God?
A. How did God choose you? He chooses those who choose to believe.
* Illus: If an eccentric millionaire decided to give money to all those who appeared at a place dressed as Indiana Jones, it could be said that he chose that group. Those in the group chose to be included in it.
B. God’s pattern in scripture is to choose in advance those who choose to be chosen.
1. Adam and Eve had a choice to make. They chose poorly.
2. Caine and Abel could choose the appropriate sacrifice. Caine chose poorly.
3. God chose Abraham who chose to believe God.
4. God chose Jacob (Israel) over Esau who was careless of being firstborn son.
5. God ‘hated’ Esau. Some thoughts about “biblical hatred” (Malachi 1.2-3).
(a) Jesus’ words translated “hate” (Luke 14.26).
(b) Not a malevolent attitude.
(c) A comparative term suggesting something preferential.
C. The Exodus of the descendants of Jacob (children of Israel) further illustrates.
II. “Types” in history anticipate the fulfillment of Genesis 3.15 & 1 John 3.8.
A. Analogy and type are like arrows or road signs pointing to Jesus and redemption.
B. In the story or the Exodus, the types are abundant.
III. A brief history of the Hebrew’s “sojourn in Egypt.”
A. The slave classes of Egypt were of the Hebrew descendents of Abraham.
1. Through his grandson, Jacob, given the name, “Israel” meaning prince, soldier or contender with God.
2. Jacob’s son, Joseph, was the means by which the Jews found refuge there.
B. The Jews fall out of favor with the arrival of a new native-born Pharaoh.
1. Pharaoh of Joseph was a foreign-born leader.
2. Hebrews were suspect because of their numbers and national paranoia.
C. Slavery, Egypt and Pharaoh become types of sin and Satan.
IV. Moses, the deliverer is raised up as God’s mediator with Israel.
A. Moses is a type of Jesus. (Deuteronomy 18.15-19; Acts 3.22-26).
B. Moses at the burning bush (Exodus 3.1-9).
C. Significance of the bush wasn’t that it was burning, but that it wasn’t burned up.
1. The fire got Moses’ attention, the fact that it wasn’t burned got his curiosity.
* Type: The message of the bush is that those things that ought to be consumed, need not be consumed. Our God is a consuming fire. (Deuteronomy 4.24; 9.3; Hebrews 12.29). Yet God’s mercy is everlasting. It is a symbol of God’s power and His grace.
2. Moses turns aside to see (v. 4-5).
* Application: If God gets our attention are we willing to stop what we are doing and submit to Him?
3. Moses turns away to hear (v. 6).
* Application: Listening prayer precedes obedient action.
D. After the plagues, God brings the people out of Egypt.
1. Type: Pharaoh becomes a “type” of Satan.
2. Type: Egypt and slavery becomes analogous to the bondage of sin.
3. Type: the journey in the wilderness becomes typical of the spiritual journey that many of us experience.
V. The Passover and its lamb become ante types of Jesus.
A. First Passover in Egypt is the “final straw” that secures the release of the slaves.
B. Once again the people had to choose to be chosen.
1. They chose to take a lamb and sacrifice it and apply the blood to the door.
2. They chose to get up and go in spite of the risks and the change.
3. The “wicked son” of in the Seder pictures one who sets himself outside of the community.
C. Elements of the Passover.
1. A lamb slaughtered.
2. The blood of the lamb placed on the doorpost of the house.
D. Jesus is seen as the lamb slain for us.
1. Christ our Passover (1 Corinthians 5.7).
2. The blood of the lamb a type of redemption.
(More to follow)