Some New Testament thoughts on hospitality and a continuation of the study through Exodus.
Part 1: (Body Life) Refresh, Welcome & Have Fellowship with One Another
I. Have fellowship with one another (1 John 1.7).
A. Literally “common.”
1. That which is in formal or ‘common.’
2. Greek New Testament was common Greek…for the simple folk.
B. To share an experience mutually.
C. To share resources among a group.
D. Partnership. Comrades.
II. Show hospitality to one another (1 Peter 4.9).
A. The word appears two ways in the New Testament.
1. The word “to love people.” Brotherly kindness (philoxenia).
2. The word means to receive, take hold of, (xenodocheo).
(a) To receive like a child.
(b) The disciples were ‘received’ on their journey.
B. The mark of Christians is love, acceptance, and forgiveness.
C. The open heart and open home.
III. Refresh and comfort the saints (2 Corinthian 7.13).
A. Comfort means to come along side and help (paraklesis).
B. To cause to rest.
1. It means to cease to move, ie, “cool one’s jets.”
2. To be calm or to calm down.
Part 2 – Exodus 16; Numbers 11.
I. Manna and meat (Exo. 16.8-13; Num. 11.18-35).
A. When did the quail incident happen?
1. The verses in Exodus occurred about two months after Egypt.
2. The story in Numbers happened about two years after Egypt.
B. Two possible explanations
1. They were two separate but similar events.
2. The Exodus account is organized categorically.
(a) Chronological isn’t the only order that the bible uses.
(b) Sometimes the scriptures are organized categorically, grouping things according to the purpose of what is being written.
(c) Theme of Exodus 16: God’s faithfulness; the people’s lack of trust.
C. I’m inclined to choose the latter.
II. The circumstances leading up to God’s provision of meat (Numbers 11.8-13).
A. The people get tired of manna.
1. Adequate nourishment.
2. Not much variety.
B. The mixed multitude begins the grumbling (v. 4).
1. Grumbling is like a virus, it spreads.
2. The Israelites also took up the chorus (v. 5-6).
III. The complaint against God’s provision.
A. Manna was adequate nourishment.
B. They wanted variety.
C. Grumbling causes a burden on Moses (v. 11).
1. Grumbling is tiring.
2. Rarely productive or edifying.
3. It is the opposite of “building up.”
D. Moses also complains about his own circumstances (v. 11-15).
IV. God responds with abundance.
A. God responds with abundance to Moses (v. 16-17; 24-30).
1. God’s Spirit is portioned to others as well.
2. This is a prophetic foreshadowing of the giving of the Spirit (v. 29; Acts 2).
B. God responds to the grumbling of the people.
1. Moses doubts (v. 22-23).
2. God’s “punitive provision.”
C. Here comes the quail!
1. The wind was an unusual condition (v. 31).
2. The people gathered more than needed.
(a) Worked pretty hard for what was clearly abundant!
(b) Ten homers = about nine 55 gal drums.
V. There is a price to be paid for what we want when we already have what we need.
A. It appears that the issue here is those people who exhibited greed. There may have been those who were faithful (v. 34).
B. God displeased.
1. Lack of trust in his provision.
2. Because of their greed.
(a) Accumulation is not good.
(b) Placed called “the graves of greediness” (v. 35).
C. A plague comes upon a greedy people.
1. God judges greed and mistrust.
2. The price for getting what we want.
(a) Psalm 78 is an account of the failings of Israel in the wilderness.
(b) Psalm 106.14-15 The cost of getting what we want: leanness of soul.
D. What is the cost of pressing beyond what we need?